"როგორ მშურს ისეთი ქვეყნისა, რომელსაც შეუძლია ისეთი ნიჭიერი მოჭადრაკის აღზრდა, როგორიც ვიქტირ გოგლიძე"
ხოსე რაულ კაპაბლანკა
I envy that country which could grow up such talented chess player as Victor Goglidze
Jose Raul Capablanca
Arsen Goglidze (1878-1942) was unusually interesting and attractive man from village of Courta, Kutaisi province when married to Olga Kalmakhelidze. In 1902 newly married family departed to Central Asia with a little Sergo. In 1901 Victor Goglidze’s elder brother Sergo was born in Courta that has been connected with a difficult financial position of a family. Besides they wanted to live independently.
In November 26, 1905 Goglidze’s second son was born. He was named Victor. Victor was looked liked his father. In 1912 Victor was sent to four years school, but in 1917 in order to advance his knowledge he was moved to Tashkent grammar school where he perfectly studied.
I was 17 years old when I learnt playing chess – Victor used to retell me. Game has completely grasped me and made me to become its eternal amateur.
At that time (in the beginning of the 20s) there lived some strong players, among them was Sergey Frejman (1882-1946) famous master of Russia. In Tashkent were often held tournaments where young Victor participated. In 1922 Victor Goglidze finished grammar school with honors and got golden medal.
I was fond of music, even used to play clarinet. That is why I entered Tashkent Conservatoire, faculty of conductors. I wanted to become a musician - Victor used to retell. At that time I did not think much of chess.
In 1908 was born the third son Vladimir – (1908-1942). Due to hard life conditions the I had to leave conservatory and had started to work at the accountant in one organization where have worked before my movement to Tbilisi - Victor Goglidze recollects.
Victor did not remain in Tashkent for long. Having parents agreement he went to Georgia in 1925.
In 1926 year Victor Goglidze becomes by the champion of Georgia and in 1928 champion of Transcaucasus.In 1930 year it becomes by first Georgian master as to chess. Then it wins (1933-1934) two strong masters tournament and in 1935 year it successfully plays in distinguished Moscow international tournament. In 1941 year Victor Goglidze confer the estate of the deserved master of sport and in 1950 year it first among Georgian chess-players becomes by international master.
For example one of the important tournament game played by Victor Goglidze in 1934.
V. Goglidze – V. Rauzer
1. d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Kc3 Kf6 4. Kf3 Ce7 5. e3 0-0 6. Ce2 b6 7. 0-0 Cb7 8. b3 Kbd7 9. Cb2 c5 10. cd K:d5 11. K:d5 C:d5 12. Lc1 Lc8 13. Ca6 Lc7 14. Fe2 Fa8 15. Lfd1 Cb7 16. C:b7 F:b7 17. dc K:c5 18. Fc4 L7c8
19. Fg4 f6 ? 20. Kd4 Fd7 21.b4 H5 22. Fg6 Ka4 23. Kf5 ! F:d1 24. L:d1 e:f5 25. Cd4 C:b4 26. F:f5
The blacks have surrendered. Due to the absence of compensation for the lost castle the further resistance had no any sense.
Already later in 1937 Tbilisi became a place of carrying out X USSR championships where at once appeared young perspective Georgian chess players. In the 4th Georgian championship appeared the second Georgian master of sports A. Ebralidze. Even earlier before the construction of Chess Palace in 1973 serving with belief and just, city chess club was opened in Tbilisi in 1936. Victor Goglidze was very active leader of public organization in 1936-1953. At that time were opened the classes of chess players’ in sports schools where Goglidze had himself taught in one of the given schools.
In 1939 year it finishes Georgian polytechnic institute and passes on public employment service. And only in 1954 year it returns to chess.
However we return by 1953. In June was arrested the big brother colonel general Sergo Goglidze and in December of the same year was shot. This period of our life was well remembered (at that 13 years old). Our house has become empty and only very true people and companions of my father and mother were not afraid to come to us, among them were : Alexander Palavandishvili, Soso Begiashvili, and Kote Gangia. There are two documents of eviction of near relations of Beria,Merkulov,Goglidze,Kobulov,Deksnozov and others. One document was signed by V. Mzhavanadze and G.Javakhishvili directed to the Central Committee of CPSU and second Resolution Central Committee CPSU about family members and relatives of people's condemned enemies. Probably there were decent people who were not listed by our family. My cousin Vladimir and Sergo's wife Evlalia has suffered. Their life tragically broken - my cousin has been killed in Batumi in 1972 and the wife and stepdaughter Sergo's Tata Antadze have been killed in 1987 in a summer residence near Moscow.
Report of V.P.Mzhavanadze and G.D.Javakhishvili to Central Committee of the CPSU and USSR on expulsion relatives: L.P.Beria, A.Z. Kobulov, S.A.Goglidze and V.G.Dekanozov from the territory of Georgian USSR
15 April 1954, Tbilisi
Central Committee of the CPSU in Georgia, having considered pointless further stay of close relatives: Beria, Kobulov, Goglidze and Dekanozov being disclosed as party opponents and the nation's foes had taken čđ the question on expulsion above mentioned persons from the territory of Georgia and made decision on having petition with Central Committee of the CPSU and Council of Ministers of Georgian USSR to order Ministry of Intemal Affairs of USSR on expulsion of close relatives: Beria, Kobulova, Goglidze and Dekanozov being disclosed as party opponents and the nation's foes from the territory of Georgian USSR.
Please, make your references.
Secretary of Central Committee of the CPSU in Georgia V. Mzhavanadze
Representative of the Council of Ministers in Georgia G. Javakhishvili
(AP RF, F.3,OP.24, d.474,1.98. original)
Decision of Central Committee of the CPSU in Georgia on family members and relatives being convicted as nation's foes
1.Agree to the suggestion of Central Committee consisting the following companions:
Shatalin, Rudenko, Serov, Kruglov, Mzhavanadze on prohibition settlement of following family members and close relatives of nation's foes: Beria, Merkulova, Dekanozov, Kobulov, Goglidze, Meshik and Vlodzimirski in the cities of Moscow, Leningrad, Tbilisi and other operating cities and regions of Soviet Union, also îď the territory of Caucasus and Transcaucasia. (Attached list).
2.Take report notice of the Minister of Intemal Affairs of USSR, colleague Kruglov on supervision persons being attached
in a list by MIA on their selected place of residence
Speaks Salomon Flohr :
-Victor Goglidze was fond of chess with all of his nature being devoted to it till the end of his life. Here arises a question: Why had not tried Mr. Goglidze to achieve more success at tournament and why had not become a Grand Master? By having natural gifts he was able to attain more success. The case is that Goglidze was short of time and played a little. He used to held responsible positions and that is why he played chess only in his free time. V. Goglidze was generous man and a huge enthusiast, real idealist who paid much attention to the development of chess in Georgia and throughout Caucasus rather than his personal success in games. To my mind Goglidze brought honor to the development of republican chess.
Speaks David Bronstein
-Victor Goglidze was the person of
high chess culture - style of game deep, strong solid. He was perfectly
able to lead rough attack, a difficult combination. But nevertheless it
seems to me gravitated to game where there was a common sense, logic
succession of events more.
On September 22th at 17:30 p. m. Victor Goglidze (patronymic Arsen) – the first master of chess died by heart attack.
On September 26th at his funeral day his corpse was moved to Central Chess Club. A crowed had come to honor him – Rustaveli Avenue was blocked. A remarkable Georgian sportsmen George Merkviladze and Alexander (Sasha) Palavandishvili, being the closest friends of him have addressed with a farewell speech. Even less then a month had not passed when Alexander (Sasha) Palavandishvili suddenly was died (18.10.1964)
George Merkviladze had thus concluded his speech: “ Victor Goglidze had played a great role for the development of chess in Georgia, who being participant of various chess tournaments and perfect chess player inherited us his rich heritage. Being always kind, sensitive, very courteous and good friend – was and will always remain in our memories.”
On September 27 was born Catherine (Ekaterine) the daughter of Marina. The life used to pass.
Georgian chess society has passed several memorials of Goglidze were are included M. Tal, D. Bronshtein, R. Holmov, B. Gurgenidze, V. Gort and many other chess players from various countries.
In Tbilisi on the wall of Victor Goglidze’s house is fixed his memorial plate. Victor Goglidze’s name adorns chess history in Georgia being the subject of pride for the young chess players.